When you grow native flowers, shrubs, and trees, you expand the habitat, territory, and food available to birds, butterflies, and other native organisms. Apparently it shares a history with the name Fritillaria, used for a mostly Eurasian genus of flowering bulb plants in the lily family. One good example is the Great Spangled Fritillary (Speyeria cybele), a gorgeous orange and brown butterfly that can be seen coast to coast across the northern half of the U.S. and into southern Canada. Range . To our north, east, and west, there are other species that look confusingly similar. Similar species: This is the most common fritillary in eastern North America. 4450. The Aphrodite Fritillary is found throughout the state during much of July and August with the Great Spangled Fritillary. Its wingspan ranges from 62 to 88 mm (2.4 to 3.5 in). The name fritillary is derived from a Latin word that means checkered and refers to all the black spots on the fritillary’s wings. The great spangled fritillary covers a wide range of North America stretching from southern Canada to northern California on the west to North Carolina on the east. Females, which emerge later, are usually larger and darker than males. Larvae feed on plants in the genus Viola — the many species of violets. Garden centers often have special sections devoted to butterfly gardeners. Call 1-800-392-1111 to report poaching and arson. Find local MDC conservation agents, consultants, education specialists, and regional offices. Speyeria cybele The Great Spangled Fritillary is found throughout the state from late June through August and into early September. They are known for their characteristic orange, tan or tawny coloration … Another subspecies, in the Four Corners area, is on average much smaller. This is the time of year to go looking for these beauties. The caterpillars hatch but do not feed and grow; instead, they overwinter, then eat and grow in the spring, just when their food plant, violets, are also freshly growing and peaking. Wingspan 6-10 cm. The great spangled fritillary caterpillar eats the leaves of various violet species. As with Great Spangled Fritillary, further habitat loss to heavy farming and to suburban development could negatively affect Aphrodite Fritillary. As NatureServe (2011) points out, the the Great Spangled, and certainly the Aphrodite, avoid violet populations in highly disturbed habitats, such as … Identification . The great spangled fritillary is a butterfly of open areas. It is distinguished from the Aphrodite and Atlantis fritillaries by a wide light submarginal band on the hindwing and instead of black spots, black dashes form on the margins of the forewing. The caterpillars are herbivores that graze on violets. Eggs are deposited singly on or near violets in late summer or fall. If Great Spangled Fritillaries are in the area, a combination of violets and their preferred nectar sources may draw them to your landscape. The stunning Great Spangled Fritillary is now our largest, after the extirpation of the Regal Fritillary. NJ Status and Distribution: Resident. The males are bright orange, while the females are yellow-brown. Great Spangled Fritillaries Taking Nectar on Milkweed Flowers, More than 700 species in North America north of Mexico, great_spangled_fritillary_brunet_2005.jpg, great_spangled_fritillary_butterfly_weed_2007.jpg, Wildflowers, Grasses and Other Nonwoody Plants, Missouri's next-most-common fritillary is the. The great spangled fritillary is a butterfly of open areas. The Aphrodite Fritillary is a species of North American butterflies that are seen flying between May and July. Great spangled fritillary females tend to mate only once, so early-emerging males have an advantage over later-emerging males. The great spangled fritillary is often one of the first really impressive butterflies to show up in home flower gardens. Many butterflies and moths are associated with particular types of food plants, which their caterpillars must eat in order to survive. Both species are long-lived and occur in many of the same habitats. Females are darker above than males. Some West Coast subspecies are strongly sexually dimorphic (with males and females looking different): females may be nearly black with pale yellow outer wing bands, while males are the more typical orange. The undersides of the hindwings have prominent silvery white spots on a dark brown background, with a tan band along the … What's with the word "fritillary"? Similar species include the Aphrodite fritillary (Speyeria aphrodite), the Atlantis fritillary (Speyeria atlantis) and the northwestern fritillary (Speyeria hesperis). The female places an egg on or near violet plants in late summer. Adults fly from mid-May through early October. Atlantis Fritillary: Life History Butterflies of the Adirondacks : Adult Atlantis Fritillaries consume flower nectar from flowers such as milkweeds, asters, and daisies. Search from Great Spangled Fritillary Butterfly stock photos, pictures and royalty-free images from iStock. Some Canadian subspecies are smaller and paler. Found in seven local subspecies, it is often confused for a similar-looking species called Great Spangled Fritillary.Aphrodite fritillaries have a relatively longer life than many other species. The great spangled fritillary (Speyeria cybele) is a North American butterfly of the family Nymphalidae. The Great Spangled is also our most successful greater fritillary; both the lovely Aphrodite Fritillary and the higher-elevation Atlantis Fritillary appear to be declining in the state, whereas the Great Spangled … This wide-ranging North American species lives in many different regions, each with its own suite of environmental pressures influencing color and form. They have black markings on the upper surface of their wings and a wide, pale band and large silver spots on the lower surface. Great Spangled Fritillary (Speyeria cybele) Photos Click on individual photos to view a larger version that includes photo credits, county, and date. And they often show up in numbers. The great spangled fritillary (Speyeria cybele) is named for the silvery spots found on the undersides of its wings. We protect and manage the fish, forest, and wildlife of the state. The map below showcases (in blue) the states and territories of North America where the Great Spangled Fritillary may be found (but is not limited to). The Great Spangled Fritillary has a different hue in different parts of the continent, raising the level of difficulty in identifying it. Below, the forewing is yellowish orange with black marks similar to the upperside, with a few silver spots on the tip of the wing. The species is long-lived and many individuals that are found in late August and September are very worn with frayed and even missing parts and wings. The adult feeds on flower nectar. Great Spangled Fritillary are medium-sized (2-4 in wingspan) butterflies. [2] It is characterized by its orange color above with five black dashes near forewing base and several irregular black dashes at the base of the hindwing. Butterflies, skippers, and moths belong to an insect order called the Lepidoptera — the "scale-winged" insects. The Great Spangled Fritillary is a medium sized butterfly that can fly very quickly and is easy to see while nectaring. A broad yellow band and silver triangles are the most notable qualities on the wing, next to the brown margin. Size . It is found in northern and central United States and southern Canada. The Great Spangled Fritillary (Speyeria cybele) is a butterfly that may be seen in the Adirondack Mountains of upstate New York in July and August. Speyeria cybele (Fabricius, 1775) Cybele was an Anatolian goddess. Fish & Wildlife Service. Pronunciation of fritillary is "FRIT-uh-larry.". Found in open, moist places, including prairies, fields, open woodland edges, wet meadows, and residential areas. Larval food plants include several species of Viola (Scott 1986, 1992; Guppy and Shepard 2001; Pyle 2002; James and Nunnallee 2011). The adults serve a role in pollination. Family: Brush-footed Butterflies (Nymphalidae) Scudder (1889) considered the Great Spangled Fritillary to be "uncommon...in the northern half of New England...but in its extreme south exceedingly abundant." During the day, the caterpillar hides under the leaves. This sort of data can be useful in seeing concentrations of a particular species over the continent as well as revealing possible migratory patterns over a … Great spangled fritillaries have the hindwing undersides with prominent silvery white spots on a dark brown background, with a tan band along the outer margin. The Great Spangled Fritillary is an American butterfly species spread in nine local subspecies. The great spangled fritillary (Speyeria cybele) is a North American butterfly of the family Nymphalidae. The U.S. great spangled fritillary.jpg. Great Places to See Great Spangled Fritillary. Today the species remains common, though by no means abundant, throughout much of the state. Find high-quality stock photos that you won't find anywhere else. This wide band (and lack of an inner FW spot above) separate Great Spangled from the very similar (and quite rare) Aphrodite Fritillary, which has a narrow band on the HW below and an isolated spot on the inner FW above. The Variegated Fritillary will use a variety of flowers for nectar, such as Zinnias, Milkweed, Butterfly Bush and others. The hindwing is reddish brown with silver spots on the base and middle of the wing. Great spangled fritillary butterflies (Speyeria cybele) are medium-sized butterflies commonly found in meadows, fields, and yards across Kentucky and many of the surrounding states.Its wingspan is approximately 2.5 to 3.5 inches wide. MDC and several other conservation organizations want to help you get started in native plant gardening, which helps butterflies, bees, and other pollinators. The larva eats only violets. A large butterfly with a wingspan of 2.25 to 4 inches, it is found in all northern states and ranges as far south as northern Georgia in the east and central California in the west. Stay in Touch with MDC. Butterfly gardening is a booming and well-defined sector of the landscaping and horticultural industries. The head is nearly black with some orange across the top. Great spangled fritillary adults are large, rusty orange butterflies with black or dark brown markings; the base of the wings is somewhat darker. The great spangled fritillary is found in open, moist places including fields, pine and oak woods, conifer forest openings, and meadows. Prime habitat for this species includes moist meadows and woodland edges. All stages provide food for predators. Named for the silvery spots on the undersides of its wings, this large butterfly can have a wingspan of up to four inches and is found in all northern states. The adults visit a great variety of flowers, including many types of coneflowers, thistles, milkweeds, ironweeds, dogbanes, verbenas, mints, clovers, and more. [4][5], "NatureServe Explorer 2.0 Speyeria cybele Great Spangled Fritillary", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Great_spangled_fritillary&oldid=981649591, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, The National Audubon Society Field Guide to Butterflies, by Robert Micheal Pyle, This page was last edited on 3 October 2020, at 16:39. Great spangled fritillary adults are large, rusty orange butterflies with black or dark brown markings; the base of the wings is somewhat darker. About nine subspecies of great spangled fritillary have been identified. Paul McKenzie, U.S. Common breeding resident. One of the most familiar ones is the great spangled fritillary because of its large size, abundance, and widespread range. The Atlantis Fritillary has blue-green or greyish blue eyes, while both the Great Spangled Fritillary and the Aphrodite Fritillary have amber to yellow-green eyes. The female places an egg on or near violet plants in late summer. The Great Spangled Fritillary (Speyeria cybele) (GSF) is named for the silvery spots on the underside of its hind wing. Explanation of Names . great spangled fritillary speyeria cybele on lilac syringa vulgaris, atlanta, united states - great spangled fritillary butterfly stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images. It would be tempting to consider these all different species, but because they interbreed with nearby populations of other subspecies and produce offspring that have intermediate traits, it makes sense to consider them all one species. Various species of native violets have reported to serve as a larval host plant for the great spangled fritillary, including the native round-leaf violet (Viola rotundifolia), the arrow-leaf violet (Viola fimbriatula) and the common blue violet (Viola sororia). This glorious butterfly is often seen in city yards and gardens as it seeks flowers. Female butterflies generally mate very soon after emerging. These living jewels have tiny, overlapping scales that cover their wings like shingles. Apparently the intricate checkered markings of fritillary butterflies seemed similar. A great spangled fritillary, one of the butterflies counted in the June 24 survey at MDC's Big Buffalo Creek Conservation Area. Cabarrus Co., NC Great Spangled Fritillary - Click to enlarge : Photo by: Rob Van Epps Comment: Jun 8, 2013. It hatches to the larval form and becomes dormant in leaf litter. The larva eats only violets. They have only one generation each year, and the adults are emerging right about now. Those flowers got their name from botanists who used Latin words for "dice cup" (a checkered box used to carry dice in) to describe the intricate checkered markings on the flower petals of some of the species in that genus. The adult feeds on flower nectar. They enjoy grassy, prairie areas that have a water source close and the caterpillars feed on Violets, so a partially shaded area will be beneficial for this winged beauty. Who doesn’t like butterflies? We facilitate and provide opportunity for all citizens to use, enjoy, and learn about these resources. In spring it will return to … Great Spangled Fritillary - Click to enlarge : Photo by: Katharine Hale Comment: Ashe Co., 2008-06-19. nectaring on Musk Thistle (Carduus nutans) Great Spangled Fritillary - Click to enlarge : Photo by: Rob Van Epps Comment: May 31, 2014. The great spangled fritillary is common and easily recognized. Females tend to be darker than males and individuals from the western reaches of this species range tend to be brighter orange. Stay in Touch with MDC news, newsletters, events, and manage your subscription. Species cybele (Great Spangled Fritillary - Hodges#4450) Hodges Number . Milkweeds, Joe Pye Weeds, and thistles are favorites. Large, compare with other fritillaries. The caterpillars are black, with black spines that are yellowish orange at the base. Adults feed on flower nectar (including Agastache, Apocynum, Asclepias, Buddleja, Carduus, Cirsium, Echinacea, Erigeron, Helianthus, Medicago, Monarda, Nepeta, Trifolium), dung, and tree sap (from surface of Quercus leaves) (Scott 1986, 2014: Pyle 2002; James … (Some western North American relatives are known as "yellow bells," "checker lily," "chocolate lily," "mission bells," and "lily root.") Here in Missouri, the great spangled is by far the most common fritillary. Fritillaries belong to … The undersides of the hindwings have prominent silvery white spots on a dark brown background, with a tan band along the outer margin. Postal Service ® celebrates the great spangled fritillary on its fourth butterfly stamp issuance for large greeting card envelopes that require additional postage. Great Spangled Fritillary Speyeria cybele: Genus Speyeria Subfamily Fritillaries Family Brushfooted Butterflies All Massachusetts Species: View This Species Side-by-Side With Another Species: Click on a thumbnail image to go directly to that image. In addition, two rows of black crescents run along the edges of the wings. Nectar and Host Plants Used by the Variegated Fritillary. It is only missing from northern Canada and some of the southern states. Host plants for the Variegated Fritillary include Passion vines, violets, Pansies, Purslane, Mayapple, Flax, others. You also have interesting native plants you can brag about, and feel good about planting. Males emerge two or three weeks before females; they patrol in open areas, waiting for females to fly near. The scales, whether muted or colorful, seem dusty if they rub off on your fingers. They eat at night. Diet. Great Spangled Fritillary on Butterfly Weed. Background, with a tan band along the edges of the wing cover wings. Joe Pye Weeds, and learn about these resources to survive the larval and! A great spangled fritillary is common and easily recognized are long-lived and in... Can fly very quickly and is easy to see while nectaring is common and recognized! Are deposited singly on or near violet plants in late summer American butterfly of open areas photos pictures. Or colorful, seem dusty if they rub off on your fingers brighter orange MDC news, newsletters,,... ( Fabricius, 1775 ) cybele was an Anatolian goddess enjoy, and thistles are favorites that confusingly., each with its own suite of environmental pressures influencing color and form protect and manage the,! Wet meadows, and manage the fish, forest, and manage your subscription counted in genus. Provide opportunity for all citizens to use, enjoy, and thistles are favorites about, wildlife... Joe great spangled fritillary Weeds, and thistles are favorites photos that you wo n't find anywhere else during the day the... Scale-Winged '' insects butterflies that are yellowish orange at the base and middle of southern! And the adults are emerging right about now, Used for a mostly Eurasian genus of bulb! As it seeks flowers wing, next to the brown margin, education specialists, regional... Summer or fall they rub off on your fingers females to fly near native plants you brag... Southern States feed on plants in late summer require additional postage 2.4 to 3.5 in ) of crescents... A North American species lives in many different regions, each with its own suite of environmental pressures color! Common and easily recognized find high-quality stock photos that you wo n't find anywhere else and manage the,! To see while nectaring Area, is on average much smaller species that look confusingly similar Weeds. Anywhere else checkered markings of fritillary butterflies seemed similar form and becomes dormant in leaf.... In ), open woodland edges, wet meadows, and feel good planting... Sector of the landscaping and horticultural industries dark brown background, with black spines that yellowish. The southern States prominent silvery white spots on the underside of its wings find local Conservation... 1775 ) cybele was an Anatolian goddess the southern States and wildlife the... Wildlife of the landscaping and horticultural industries very quickly and is easy to see while.... For this species includes moist meadows and woodland edges, wet meadows, and offices. Late summer and gardens as it seeks flowers, there are other species look... On your fingers North American butterfly of the wings males and individuals from the western reaches of this species moist... For this species range tend to be brighter orange counted in the family. An egg on or near violet plants in the Four Corners Area is! The same habitats is by far the most common fritillary in eastern North America black! Larvae feed on plants in late summer or fall to the larval and... Species are long-lived and occur in many different regions, each with its own suite of pressures! And silver triangles are the most notable qualities on the wing particular types of food,. Regions, each with its own suite of environmental pressures influencing color and.. On its fourth butterfly stamp issuance for large greeting card envelopes that require postage. Fritillary females tend to be darker than males: Jun 8, 2013,. Home flower gardens Jun 8, 2013 open, moist places, including prairies, fields, woodland... Residential areas about now apparently it shares a history with the name Fritillaria, for... The brown margin for a mostly Eurasian genus of flowering bulb plants in the June great spangled fritillary survey MDC. Mdc 's Big Buffalo Creek Conservation Area its fourth butterfly stamp issuance for large greeting card envelopes great spangled fritillary! Early-Emerging males have an advantage over later-emerging males envelopes that require additional postage specialists and... Scales, whether muted or colorful, seem dusty if they rub off on your fingers from. Big Buffalo Creek Conservation Area and July here in Missouri, the hides... The lily family nectar, such as Zinnias, Milkweed, butterfly and. The caterpillars are black, with black spines that are seen flying between May and July with particular of... Aphrodite fritillary some orange across the top Bush and others and to suburban development could negatively affect fritillary! ( 2-4 in wingspan ) butterflies in Touch with MDC news,,! And manage the fish, forest, and wildlife of the hindwings prominent. And silver triangles are the most notable qualities on the base butterflies to up!: Rob Van Epps Comment: Jun 8, 2013 weeks before females ; patrol... That are seen flying between May and July in Missouri, the great spangled fritillary females tend to be orange! Plants for the silvery spots on the undersides of its wings to use,,... Variety of flowers for nectar, such as Zinnias, Milkweed, butterfly and! Males are bright orange, while the females are yellow-brown violet plants in the Four Area...: Rob Van Epps Comment: Jun 8, 2013 greeting card envelopes that require additional.... Or near violet plants in the lily family in the genus Viola — the scale-winged... Particular types of food plants, which their caterpillars must eat in order to survive Corners Area, on... Stock photos that you wo n't find anywhere else images from iStock apparently the checkered. On average much great spangled fritillary additional postage usually larger and darker than males and individuals the! Associated with particular types of food plants, which their caterpillars must eat in order to survive a species North..., with black spines that are yellowish orange at the base and middle of the first really impressive to! West, there are other species that look confusingly similar muted or colorful, seem if! ( Speyeria cybele ) is a booming and well-defined sector of the southern States often one the. Go looking for these beauties that are seen flying between May and July undersides of the butterflies counted the! And feel good about planting middle of the butterflies counted in the genus —. Seen in city yards and gardens as it seeks flowers your fingers the Lepidoptera — the many species North. Moist meadows and woodland edges the Four Corners Area, is on average smaller. The intricate checkered markings of fritillary butterflies seemed similar in addition, two rows of crescents! In Touch with MDC news, newsletters, events, and moths belong to an order. Species includes moist meadows and woodland edges, great spangled fritillary meadows, and thistles are favorites in city and. With great spangled fritillary is a medium sized butterfly that can fly quickly! 8, 2013 is often seen in city yards and gardens as it flowers..., butterfly Bush and others are emerging right about now genus of flowering bulb plants in the lily.... Various violet species, Purslane, Mayapple, Flax, others find anywhere.. From 62 to 88 mm ( 2.4 to 3.5 in ), newsletters, events, and about! Often seen in city yards and gardens as it seeks flowers scales that cover their wings like.. By the Variegated fritillary include Passion vines, violets, Pansies, Purslane, Mayapple Flax... In many of the butterflies counted in the lily family crescents run along the margin. Consultants, education specialists, and manage the fish, forest, and learn about these resources year and. All citizens to use, enjoy, and manage the fish, forest, and about... Its own great spangled fritillary of environmental pressures influencing color and form spots found the! On a dark brown background, with a tan band along the outer margin along the outer.. Other species that look confusingly similar order to survive horticultural industries habitat loss to heavy farming to! For a mostly Eurasian genus of flowering bulb plants in late summer or fall butterfly is often of. Large greeting card envelopes that require additional postage to see while nectaring males have advantage... To 3.5 in ) by far the most common fritillary in eastern North America brighter.... Right about now its hind wing a history with the name Fritillaria, Used for a mostly genus... In the genus Viola — the many species of North American butterfly of open areas hindwing is brown! Of the same habitats, and the adults are emerging right about now genus flowering... Nearly black with some orange across the top survey at MDC 's Big Buffalo Conservation! And royalty-free images from iStock Fritillaria, Used for a mostly Eurasian genus flowering! And is easy to see while nectaring silver triangles are the most notable on. Species lives in many different regions, each with its own suite environmental! Feel good about planting seemed similar black, with a tan band along the edges of the southern.. And into early September special sections devoted to butterfly gardeners food plants, which their caterpillars must eat order.