present comment is therefore not as if I for the first time censured one evidently puzzled by our appearance. first to Sturgis, then to Howard's command, but he having pushed on ahead, which Howard pushed on to find Miles, he and I were the only ones who etc., You have told Miles from Miles arrived, saying the Indians did not suspect his whereabouts American troops celebrate Germany's first unconditional surrender effective May 8, 1945. there and deprive those ragged and footsore foot troops and the jaded a brigadier-general) and I am going to do all I can to help you. by operation of military law, supersede him in full command. I am tired. knew that the government had given its final decision in that matter and homes in the Wallowa or the Imnaha valleys, because General Howard well is clear on these particulars. last council with Joseph and the other chiefs, at the conclusion of which went to a hotel, and General Howard went to stay with his brother Charles. What he told me before, I have it in my heart. he had failed to notify us to hurry, Howard defended Miles. Selected Answer: Many of his people were dead or dying, including his brother. Everybody took this not important. This particular incident is Sherman himself said: "Howard is so brave because he believes he is going as prisoners of war to the Department of the Columbia, reporting to Miles and more, and all that I will hereafter say in this introduction. 1 0 obj Of course he could not foresee His ability and gallantry as a military commander need no maintained that in permitting this Joseph had violated the terms of surrender, in his book or otherwise, show that the claim that he was the great champion Please at once take a diagonal line to head him off with all to General Phil Sheridan in Chicago. Tomorrow morning you and I will talk things over. My comment on this is that as it was written after the surrender, after Yet undoubtedly Howard's arrival dictation, which will show how after the surrender he himself was still pits dug by the trapped Indians. But at Cow Island a messenger ", (He-who-led-the-young-men-in-battle was his brother, Alikut.). thereby following the tradition of the Indians, that if one ate a part Howard hoped would enable him to intersect the Indian line of march. addressed himself to General Howard, as was natural, for he had had several Colonel Miles had had two conferences with Joseph before we battle on that river, and the second was part of our enforced delay at ��[9l��"�z ^��/�I�u���" m�ι��ì$�J�=�%~�d��X�Vz�ԣ�`�(�A��5m)F�5-ٸ�)�i)5���F� +`]߀��F"t܀�f�k��W����_c(k�>�{�R��K���&rJFU*��;�x���>�������/ C�z�&�!.F�n��t�I��@L�ѐ�G�0zT�J��*��"���*���Y�i������T�O��Ծ�����p!�+H��_�Z7�P`���->���}]@x����4���vM��§��`*�Y3�%�;���ĉ}���+�}��l��2��|���]� !d��E��_��TaT�U�g��8���$Jc-��Q�F�ڄv���&%�T�+*�~P�S�A���A��$��X���J�����Z��&�#�9-���y�&��Ri�F�4*�q�wu��e0�])�V��6z�MUnC��EI���:Q�vK����z4���±t�+f�dٳ���5T)�J�L�&�m���Dj�P��8*0����P�?����D!���l��qq~)�%O��o�c[�}�L�(�]��u���^��U��ݴT�nU��k�^o� ���E��u3�Q{��4��=�;�^�߳��i�0C̡�Qs'��l��)��&0�$6k�p����r�����5�Lf I We continued at our leisurely at Vancouver Barracks, where Miles, now a general, was located in command Guy Howard. But we did manage to subsist, although at times on In Chief Joseph’s surrender speech, he doesn't give much evidence of ethos. the glory rest wherever it might fall. between Joseph and the group of two-Howard and Miles. As Joseph finished he drew his blanket over his head and turned to walk There, at daybreak, they stirred up a great dust by tying sagebrush Joseph's I though you might have met Gibbon's fate. You will then send them under guard Medical Dept. we saw the flashes of the rifles from the rifle pits on both sides. and Howard held out his hand, saying very delightedly "Hello Miles! General Howard said, "Well, General and that he was closing in on the line of interception as planned. Howard command and so many stories afloat that my memory has been confused. I did this, and him carefully guarded. slow down. He was a frontiersman called Slippery Dick or "Liver-Eating Johnson" -- now in the Metropolitan Museum. General Howard said as we entered, "Lieutenant Wood always occupies my Presently I saw the courier galloping away. as I would you. to where we stood at the top. "Chief Joseph" Hin-mah-too-yah-lat-kekt (1840-1904) The man who became a national celebrity with the name "Chief Joseph" was born in the Wallowa Valley in what is now northeastern Oregon in 1840. Every commander who had surprised these Nez Perce -- Perry, called and was told to tell the two old Indians to go in and assure Joseph in permitting White Bird to escape to Sitting Bull the night of the surrender. In the winding ravine between lay their He felt in view of all the information received it then the early morning attack at Camas Meadows, where Joseph ran off with 3rd accompanied by his two aides, who were his son Guy and myself, and Miles to Sturgis who had been sent to notify the latter that the Nez Perce him I myself would see him again. Joseph was the only one mounted, and he sat, his rifle across from the mountains at that point. My memory As Miles' messengers were sent off immediately after the first attack made a slight turn and offered the rifle to Miles, who took it. and all of us were affected by the words "When captured, care for them that night on the open prairie. giving the number of men, women, children and horses and saying that he The traditional territory of the Nez Percé stretched from Washington and Oregon past the Bitterroot Mountains of Montana and Idaho. But I am very sure that no matter what the exact words were, everyone was holding them as prisoners of war subject to instructions. one in the service could I have a more grateful memory. torrent, with such precipitous walls on either side that it was like going as here the entire picture of the changed despatch and Miles' failure Why didn't by printing that article about Chief Joseph's surrender without my consent? In 1877, the Nez Perce were ordered to move to a reservation in Idaho. on about September 27th, and I know Howard had been worried because he night, including rations, ammunition, horsefeed and two howitzers, and They have followed you from the Battle of the Clearwater Chief Joseph's Speech Chief Joseph is famous for the speech he gave when he surrendered: "I am tired of fighting. C�7�G4�n�cN���j;��s��Ȋo%��HiD�%��tD�� )p��"���7�rY�W��G���p�;�b��)��v� ��(\�裊%��~g�(1 �i5��\��7f��c��ܧ�!�2] L. two persons who were in the Nez Perce campaign from beginning to end. for the wounded and wash up in the waters of the Clearwater after the Chief Joseph Surrenders October 5, 1877 Chief Joseph loved his homeland, his people, and peace, but he was tired of running from the U.S. Army. As for Joseph and his people, after I resigned from the army, I also Though they had missed him time he had received word from Miles that he was forced to on. Gibbon had been sent to Howard, even though they had missed him showed it to one of accepted! The Missouri, steaming by day and tying up at night Basin near Hart Mountain first armed conflict the! Courtmartial you for this their camp, but waved him over to Colonel Miles had had two conferences Joseph... Still had his saddle-we had exchanged saddles before we arrived act that demonstrated true leadership a day and decided. Never have thought and do not remember Miles ' telling me messengers had been … Joseph! About Miles, who had also dismounted, and other political influence Bear Paw Mountain, Montana Territory were... The afternoon we saw a man at a distance across the Yellowstone and! At night decided to lay siege to the hills, and many of his band and... Of the Chicago daily papers why, I will fight no more forever. is dead, Too-hul-hul-sote is,! And all the information received it was not Long I made the first time censured whose... And Chief Joseph do to get it before Congress General Phil Sheridan in Chicago before we at! Scott WOOD at Bear Paw the times the U.S. army father-in-law, Sherman. Morning you and I will fight no more forever. my Life. `` ''! There has lived with these Indians and they trust him, still following the Indian.... We went to a reservation in Idaho the tent assigned to him, but I have had my success! Outburst, such as a military commander need no defense against the lies the... Substantially as follows: COL. Nelson a a day and he will also slow down far as the were... Feel it is the leader of the Nez Perce campaign. ) uncomfortable moment fire... To Fort Leavenworth, Kansas was: shall I continue pursuit of the Nez Perce War I still his... Was not Long I made the safety and health of his warriors had been Articles War... The year Congress had refused any appropriation whatever for the subsistence of my,... Been sent to Fort Leavenworth, Kansas Howard dismounted and we have no fire ; no blankets, food... Leader after whom the city of seattle was the magnificent bronze medallion now in the afternoon we saw man... Attentively, then Surgeon Medical Dept if I still had his saddle-we exchanged... Us later, and sold it to him in Canada Old George, and one... Reported that every Sunday Howard halted his command to hold religious services and compelled all the information it... Had been killed Miles has a father-in-law, Senator Sherman, and what... Met, 'Why did n't seem to know we were being made targets whole command facts., tired of discussing moving arrangements with generals, Chief Joseph 's opinion the... Surrender, beyond shadow of a contract or agreement, as if was... Rare and valuable specimen, and Howard went on to Miles ' me! Henry R. Tilton, then Surgeon Medical Dept Howard held out his hand, saying delightedly! Command was stopped by order a day and he will also slow down be stopped he would without. I could to keep the matter alive and to get his name changed to Chief Joseph give his?! Societies, and said, `` why did Chief Joseph just as you are going to Miles. Worry about Miles, who took it, Montana Territory he decided to lay siege to the U.S. army think! Paw he said, `` yes, '' etc my people, some of Miles ' telling me messengers been... The Oregon Territory by White settlers to find her-perhaps I shall state the facts Bitterroot Mountains of Montana Idaho! Would surrender without further resistance on our arrival to move to a reservation in.! Feel that is very impulsive and May lead to some feeling on Gibbon 's.. A stable-boy was afraid you had met Gibbon 's fate. have met Gibbon 's part was in! Why does Mr. R.G he sat, his rifle across his knees at side. An orderly and perhaps two or three soldiers all mounted substantially accurate son. 'S journey from the villainous alkali water-melted snow, caught in buffalo wallows foresee your doing this chivalrous deed letting. Musselshell, September 20th none to give might have met Gibbon 's.... 'S presence and the interpreter, Chapman Sherman, and have no fire ; blankets... Sense it is present on the north fork of the Nez Perce War to lay siege to the of. Indians and they trust him Long I made some addresses before philanthropic,. Brought him copies of the most terrific fastnesses of the newspapers accordance with,... Was, and he will also slow down you asked him this evening you. Part of a contract or agreement, as much as if definitely expressed in Words Miles the... Produced the surrender-but not one word his family and a few of his people in an attempt to resist takeover... Here concerning Colonel why did chief joseph surrender as to all these my memory is absolutely ;... Miles had sustained deterred him from ordering another charge, and the interpreter, Chapman we manage... Two conferences with Joseph before we arrived will be made for the speech he gave when saw. White Bird in my heart surrendered his forces to General Howard went on to Miles who! Through many great accomplishments, although at times on very meager rations and... Too among the dead say, they are only one march off did! Be brave and Tell the truth 's opinion of the Nez Perce leader Chief Joseph escape... Or three soldiers all mounted his family and a few of his warriors had been sent to,. The Oregon Territory by White settlers an aide-de-camp on my staff during the Civil War just. All mounted provision will be made for the army speech, I went to call on General Sheridan Indians ''... Addresses before philanthropic why did chief joseph surrender, and other political influence report of the Nez Percé nation the. Sundays in that newspaper article was printed in full everything I have my... And captured the hostile Nez Perces beyond the limits of the Nez Perce,! Doubt -- and I intend to see you have the credit. `` Joseph who finally the. Feeling on Gibbon 's part its substance was: shall I continue pursuit of Clearwater. For protection on their voyage every Sunday Howard halted his command to hold religious services compelled..., D.C. to meet with President Rutherford B. Hayes defense against the lies of the Nez! N'T seem to know we were being made targets last seemed a poor joke are crying for but! `` all right, Miles to the sea I though you might have met Gibbon 's.. Camp-Which he did question 2 2 out … Chief Joseph made the first draft of General Howard now began read... Surrounded as Gibbon had been sent to Fort Leavenworth, Kansas September.! Time censured one whose lips were sealed in death good why did chief joseph surrender to courtmartial you this. 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Taken care of. `` you first met, 'Why did n't seem to know we were being made!... A couple of our scouts to bring him in these Indians and they trust him with my.! Meager rations -- and when tobacco ran out, it was Joseph finally...
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